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DICOM

  1. DICOM Standard 
  2. Equipment with DICOM standard
 

TELEMEDICINE

The DICOM Standard

This Standard, now designated Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Version 3.0, embodies a number of major enhancements to previous versions of the Standard:

a. It is applicable to a networked environment. The previous versions were applicable in a point-to-point environment only; for operation in a networked environment a Network Interface Unit (NIU) was required. DICOM Version 3.0 supports operation in a networked environment using industry standard networking protocols such as OSI and TCP/IP.

b. It specifies how devices claiming conformance to the Standard react to commands and data being exchanged. Previous versions were confined to the transfer of data, but DICOM Version 3.0 specifies, through the concept of Service Classes, the semantics of commands and associated data.

c. It specifies levels of conformance. Previous versions specified a minimum level of conformance. DICOM Version 3.0 explicitly describes how an implementer must structure a Conformance Statement to select specific options.

d. It is structured as a multi-part document. This facilitates evolution of the Standard in a rapidly evolving environment by simplifying the addition of new features. ISO directives which define how to structure multi-part documents have been followed in the construction of the DICOM Standard.

e. It introduces explicit Information Objects not only for images and graphics but also for studies, reports, etc.

f. It specifies an established technique for uniquely identifying any Information Object. This facilitates unambiguous definitions of relationships between Information Objects as they are acted upon across the network.

The DICOM Standard pertains to the field of Medical Informatics. Within that field, it addresses the exchange of digital information between medical imaging equipment. Because medical imaging equipment may interoperate with other medical devices, the scope of this Standard needs to overlap with other areas of medical informatics, as shown in the figure above. However, the DICOM Standard does not address the breadth of this field.

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Equipment with DICOM standard

The list below indicates the common medical equipment available with DICOM standard.

S.No.

Medical Equipments available with DICOM standard

1

PC based 12 lead ECG Machine

2

Digital Stethoscope

3.

CT Scan  (DICOM)

4.

MRI (DICOM)

5.

2D Echo/Color Doppler (DICOM)

6.

Digital X-Ray Machine (DICOM)         

7.

Sonography Machine

8

Ultrasound machine

9

 TMT

10

Cathlab

11

Endoscopy

12

EEG

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